Catholic Councils

//Catholic Councils

The Second Vatican Council

The Second Vatican Council (or Vatican II) was the 21st Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church. The Council, through the Holy See, formally opened under the pontificate of Pope John XXIII on October 11, 1962, and closed under Pope Paul VI on the feast of the Immaculate Conception in 1965. Vatican II had about sixteen basic documents in the [...]


The First Vatican Council

The First Vatican Council was convened in 1869 by Pope Pius IX and ended in 1870. It was planned in utmost secrecy for about four years. Pius IX had commissioned the cardinals resident in Rome to render him their opinions as to the advisability of a council—the majority pronounced in favor of it, and dissident voices were [...]


What happened at the Council of Trent?

In November 1518, Martin Luther published an appeal from the Pope to the emperor and nobility of Germany on behalf of the Reformation of Christianity. He was convinced that he would be condemned at Rome for his heretical doctrines. He wanted to be tried by a Christian council. Because of this precedent, the Diet at Nuremberg, which met in 1522, [...]